Did You Know?
1.- More than 90% of the planet's living biomass is found in the oceans.
There is much more life in our seas that over earth. But we are not taking care: approximately 50% of the world's coastal ecosystems (coral reefs, mangroves, seagrasses...) have been altered or destroyed by the growing demand of cities, industries, aquaculture, tourism etc.
2.- Less than 10% of the ocean has been explored by humans.
Technology has enabled a breakthrough in the understanding of the oceans. However it seems that we know more about outer space it on our blue planet. Further research on ecosystems improve their conservation.
3.- Three out of four mega cities in the world are located by the sea.
Coastal populations are increasing and as they grow, the pressure on coastal ecosystems also increases.
4.- Only about 20% of ocean pollution is caused by activities in the ocean.
Within that percentage, most is caused by the large cruise ships, fuel spills on boats and fishing equipment lost. The remaining 80% of the pollution comes from land-based activities.
5.- Every breath you take is associated with the ocean.
Because through their ecosystems and biological and chemical processes, 50% of the oxygen on the planet comes from the ocean. But beyond that, the ocean is a fundamental part of the water cycle, so every drop you drink comes from it too.
6.- Without the ocean, we would live in a sauna
The oceans play a fundamental role in controlling the temperature of our planet. They capture and store the vast majority of carbon dioxide on Earth, far more than tropical forests.
7.-The North Pole is a floating raft of ice.
The North Pole is in the middle of the Arctic Ocean and there is no land there.
8.- The average sea level has risen between 10 and 25 centimeters in the past 100 years. If all the world's ice melted, the oceans would rise by 66 meters.
1.- Some Fish, like the Triggerfish, can swim backward.
2.- Most brands of lipstick contain fish scales.
3.- Many Fish can taste without even opening their mouths.
4.- Herrings communicate through farts.
5.- Goldfish can't close their eyes as they have no eyelids, Goldfish can see infrared radiation, that is invisible to us, Goldfish can distinguish the music of one composer from another, in 2014 a 10-Year-Old Goldfish Had a 45-Minute Surgery To Remove A Tumor, Goldfish don't have stomachs and should therefore be fed easily digestible food in lots of small feeding sessions.
6.- Many fish species are known to change sex during the course of their lives.
7.- Sharks kill 12 people per year, while people kill 11,417 sharks per hour. don´t be afraid of sharks, respect them.
8.- There's a shark in Greenland that eats polar bears and can live up to 200 years.
9.- One Puffer Fish contains enough poison to kill 30 people and is 1200 times deadlier than cyanide.
10.- If you keep a goldfish in a dark room, it will lose its color.
11.- 80% of the biomass of fish in the world's oceans has been lost in the past 100 years.
12.- Thousands of marine creatures die by mistakenly swallowing plastic bags that resemble jellyfish, In three decades, the world's oceans will contain more discarded plastic than fish when measured by weight, researchers say
13.- Starfish don't have brains. Special cells on their skin gather information about their surroundings, and exist one with 40 arms, and starfish do not have blood. Their blood is actually filtered sea water,
14.- Fish can drown in water.
15.- The Sea Anemone looks like a flower, but it's actually a carnivorous animal that eats small fish and shrimp.
16.- "Rain of fish" is an annual weather event in which hundreds of fish rain from the sky onto the city Yoro in Honduras.
17.- Starfish can re-grow their arms. In fact, a single arm can regenerate a whole body.
18.- Fish in polluted lakes lose their sense of smell.
19.- When Anglerfish mate, they melt into each other and share their bodies forever.
20.- About a third of male fish in British rivers are changing sex due to pollution, especially from contraceptive pills, a research found.
21.- A sardine is not a species of fish, but a name that can apply to many small varieties of pickled fish, including herring and pilchard.
22.- A robotic fish was accepted by other fish and became their leader during an experiment by NYU.
23.- The goliath tigerfish is a fish that eats small crocodiles.
24.- A koi fish named "Hanako" lived for 225 years.
25.- The Salema Porgy is a species of fish that can cause hallucinations when eaten. In Ancient Rome it was consumed as a recreational drug.
26.- Fossil evidence suggests that fish have been on Earth for about 530 million years.
27.- The opah, or "moonfish", is the only known fully warm-blooded fish.
28.- The toxin in puffer fish is 1200 times deadlier than cyanide.
29.- Around 10% of the world's total fish species can be found just within the Great Barrier Reef
30.- Jellyfish are the ocean's most efficient swimmers, consuming 48% less oxygen than any other swimming animal.
Fishing near the coast.
When you're fishing in salt water near the coast, within the spectrum of view to the mainland, most of the current is produced by waves, which will take you to the fish, Species near the coast include, Barracuda, Mackerel, Amberjack, Jack Crevalle and Bluefish; Barracuda and Jack Crevalle, can be located in the waters near the coast almost all year.
-When you're fishing in areas near the coast, looking for changes in water color and temperature. These indicators highlight the water outlet bays, rivers and estuaries. In the areas of change is often where you can find the little fish and predatory fish.
-It can be used in most cases light equipment in the range of 10 to 15 pounds in a rod and spinning reel for reef species.
Fishing off the coast.
The saltwater fishing off the coast typically begins at depths of 80 to 200 feet and can reach depths of several thousand feet. If you go to fish off the coast, you'll need a boat big enough to handle larger fish and big waves, Around Los Cabos, species of saltwater fish like Blue Marlin, Sailfish, Wahoo and Tuna, living far from the coast.
- Angling is a common technique used when fishing off the coast, with the rod works well for species like Tuna or Wahoo.
- One of the keys to fish off the coast always be aware of eating birds. These signs often indicate the presence of fish.
-When your goal is Sailfish, use a rod and spinning reel for fishing with a line up to 30 pounds of resistance and live bait such as ballyhoo.
Deep sea fishing or offshore.
Or fishing in deep sea offshore is to go fishing in the open sea, far enough from the coast. Weather conditions and navigation maps should be carefully evaluated to ensure a safe trip. It is true that the constant technological innovations make things easier, but this type of fishing is more suitable for intermediate or advanced fishermen, especially if you plan to leave without a tour or guide. If you like challenges, get ready for adventure in the deep blue sea!
Because of the number of species of deep sea fish and fishing techniques to catch them, there are many different types of equipment and accessories that can be used. This type of fishing requires angling using artificial lures or live bait, a special reel for salt water with high capacity line, strong enough 40 to 80 pounds of resistance will be required.
Towers and navigation aids:
Man-made structures including towers and navigational aids made are very valuable for both fish and anglers, but for different reasons. Some species seek refuge in the depths of the structure, while others prefer to patrol the perimeter.
Canyons and the continental shelf:
The deep canyons, gorges and cliffs that mark the continental shelf could ridiculing any elevation of land and are other places to look for fish. Locate any change in current or temperature of the water that crosses the platform. When changes in the structure, current and temperature push nutrient-rich water up from the depths to power the entire food chain, as billfish sport fish begin to hunt on top of the water column.